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Schedule for Ad Astra 2017

Here’s my schedule for Ad Astra 2017, a sci-fi/horror/fantasy convention happening this weekend in Richmond Hill, Ontario (just outside Toronto). Some good horror programming on here!

I will also be doing a reading, but the timing for that is TBD.


7:00 – 7:30: READING
Markham B
I’ll be reading my historical science fiction story “A Shame That Binds Our Hearts, Binds Our Fate,” which appeared in On Spec, Issue #102 and placed 2nd in the Friends of the Merril short story contest. Stick around for Matthew Bin at 7:30. His novel Brendan’s Way (Bundoran Press) is launching Saturday at 9:00).

Richmond B
John Carpenter’s films have always had an audience in fandom, but recent years have seen a critical reappraisal of his work. In the words of Guillermo del Toro: “Carpenter creates masterpiece after masterpiece and they are often ignored.” Films like Halloween and The Thing are definitive horror films, but are they more relevant to cinema as a whole than previously thought? What other works of Carpenter deserve a closer viewing? (with James Bambury, Beverly Bambury, David Clink, Adam Shaftoe-Durrant)


Richmond A
Works of horror necessarily disturb their readers with feelings of unease, revulsion, and fear. Easy to say, hard to do. What do horror authors do to create the negative emotions their readers are seeking? (with Derek Künsken, Jon Oliver, Alexandra Renwick)


Publishers describe novels as a “supernatural thriller” or “novel of terror”, but is no one saying “horror” anymore?  Did the 80s heyday, and eventual burn-out, of horror novels ruin the term? Or maybe the onslaught of remakes of 80s horror film? Why aren’t we saying “horror” anymore? (with Anne Bishop, Beverly Bambury, Dean Italiano, Jen Frankel)



Fantasy in the 1970’s and earlier was usually a stand alone book or a trilogy at the most.  Now it’s a megaseries of books often with a movie or television tie-in.  Once the little sibling of science fiction fantasy now dwarfs its sibling.  How did this happen? (with Jeff Beeler, Brandon Draga, Nicholas Eames, A.A. Jankiewicz)


A Plague of Immortality

It’s always a thrill when someone reviews your story and zeroes in precisely on the themes and ideas you were looking to explore. My hat’s off to Derek Newman-Stille for this review, where he barely touches on plot and nicely sums up the ideas of immorality, change and conflict through the lens of less-than-ideal small town life.

Speculating Canada: Canadian Horror, Science Fiction, and Fantasy

A review of Matt Moore’s “Innocence Prolonged, and Overcome” in Lazarus Risen (Bundoran, 2016)
By Derek Newman-Stille

Contagion narratives have been increasingly popular in our fiction, exploring the human fear of the microorganism, a tiny predator that can consume us without being seen. However, what happens when a virus gives us what we think we want? We are also a society who fears ageing, so what if a virus can end ageing?

In Matt Moore’s “Innocence Prolonged, and Overcome”, a contagion named the Grail Virus has spread,, killing the vast majority of people that come into contact with it, but granting immortality to a select few people. Because the virus is deadly to most people, this select group of immortals, frozen at the age of infection, have been cut off from the rest of society, quarantined in a small town.

Moore explores the image that is often projected onto small…

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Why you should dontate to 49th Parallels from Bundoran Press

Below, I’m going to encourage you to support Bundoran Press’ Indigogo campaign for 49th Parallels—their latest anthology of science fiction.

But I’ll start by saying: I don’t think crowdfunding is a stable or reliable business model for publishers. There comes a point where readers say: “Why do I need to pay for something that you, as a business, should have the money to produce?”

I’ll also say that I have supported and appeared in anthologies that have benefited from crowdfunding.

And here’s why.

First, the publishing business is becoming more and more challenging. Sometimes there needs to be a show of support from fans before publishers will take a leap of faith and publish. Also, short story collections and anthologies do not sell as well as novels.

And yet, it’s short story collections that provide readers a better option. Novels and collections by a single author are all or nothing. An anthology, especially a themed anthology, offers you many voices—a few of them are bound to resonate with you and make you believe your money was well spent.

This is where the Indiegogo campaign for 49th Parallels comes in. Bundoran has produced award-winning anthologies around thought-provoking ideas like life extension through technology, life on Earth 50 years after contact with aliens, and the effects of resource scarcity. 49th Parallels will examine how the world would be changed if Canada had been different sometime in the past. Think about it: Often, alternate timeline fiction has revolved around major powers. But Canada, a soft power, has influenced the world on many levels, but levels that don’t often make it into mainstream history.

49th Parallels will happen with or without the Indiegogo campaign’s success. What the campaign does is increase the rates Bundoran will pay for stories. Higher rates will attract the interest of leading science fiction authors who their livings from their writing. Do you want to see these leading voices sharing their visions of a future where Canada’s role in world events had a major impact? That is what donations will lead to: sharp minds, big ideas and amazing stories.

This campaign is not asking you to take a financial risk that business will not, but to attract the amazing stories we all hope to find in science fiction. I hope you will consider supporting it.

My Can-Con 2016 Schedule


The schedule for Can-Con 2016 has been posted and it’s amazing. There is everything here for fans of science fiction, horror and fantasy. Plus science panels, pitch sessions, agent sessions, and more. Please take a look at the panel descriptions.

If you’ve never been to a convention but have thought about it, but felt it might be too much for you, please read my post about why conventions are safe spaces for the shy or introverted. If you feel this way, please check out Can-Con. Registration information is online. It will make you feel at home and introduce you to an entire community you didn’t know was out there.

For me, I will be busy! Here’s my schedule, subject to last-minute changes.


7:00 – 8:00: So This Is Your First Con!
Zenith Room
I’ll be joining Lisa Toohey, Ryan McFadden, and Brandon Crilly (m). I will try to bring some humour and sage wisdom to this panel.

9:00 – whenever: Bundoran Press party
Tavern ConSuite
I’ll be reading from my story “Innocence Prolonged, And Overcome” from the new anthology Lazarus Risen. What happens in a town where everyone will live forever? Well, it’s not good. Nope, not good at all.


11:00 – 12:00: Reading from But It’s Not The End And Other Lies
Guildhall ConSuite
Join me doing a reading from my upcoming collection But It’s Not The End And Other Lies (ChiZine Publications) about what makes us human and what makes us monsters. Joining me in this time slot is fellow CZP author Ian Rogers reading from Every House is Haunted and ‘Nathan Burgoine reading from Triad Blood.

5:00 – 6:00: Can The Exorcist Work in the Modern World?
Twilight Room

I’ll be moderating a panel with Timothy Carter, Madeline Ashby, Mike Rimar and Ranylt Richildis. Since The Exorcist works on the idea that the Devil is real, that must mean God is real. And Jesus. And the Bible. In a secular world, does being scared by The Exorcist mean we must accept Christianity? We’ll discuss.

9:00 – whenever: ChiZine Publications party
Tavern ConSuite
This is the party to be at. Meet the leading voices in horror and dark fiction. And there will be booze.


12:00 – 1:00: Not All Antagonists Are Created Equal
Sunset Room

I’ll be moderating a panel with Julie Czerneda, Erik Scott de Bie, Gregory A. Wilson and Nina Munteanu where I propose there are three types of antogonist—villains, monsters and forces of nature. We’ll slug it out, talking to both fellow authors and fans. Bring ideas about your favourite antagonist.

1:00 – 2:00: Horror is Domestic
Sunset Room
I’ll be with Suzanne Church, Sean Moreland, Ryan McFadden and Sandra Kasturi. This is an important concept in horror—horror is some external, corrupting force invading the family unit. Is this essential or is it bullshit? We’ll figure it out.

Conventions as “safe spaces” for the shy and introverted


Can-Con 2016, Ottawa speculative fiction convention, is coming up in a few weeks. It’s taking place September 9 – 11, 2016 at the Novotel in downtown Ottawa.

If you are a fan of sci-fi, fantasy, horror or anything like that, but have never been to (or considered attending) a convention, please give this a try. A bit of my history: When I began writing seriously, I was encouraged to attend Ad Astra in Toronto. I was very hesitant. I am a shy person, very introverted, and a weekend surrounded by strangers seemed overwhelming to me. Like, panic-attack overwhelming.

But I went and was transformed. Here were people like me: shy and thoughtful, but away from the loud-and-boisterous braggarts who dominate just about every public space, we could be ourselves. Was Robotech as good as we remembered, is Star more SF or more fantasy, when does horror go too far? I could talk to people if I wanted to, or be off by myself and no one bothered me. And not just did no one bother me, no one made me think that being on my own was somehow wrong.

A speculative fiction conference is a safe space in a lot of ways. We actively fight sexism, homophobia, transphobia, and racism. But you are also safe to be in your own shell. We’ve all had experiences where sitting and reading our book is viewed as pitiable or even a justification to “save” us from being alone. This does not happen at a speculative fiction conference. And something like Comiccon, even with all its geeky goodness, can be overwhelming with so many people.

SF conventions, like Can-Con, are places to observe and think. It is as contemplative as it is social. You can go to the room parties, read in the bar, or chill out in your room—it’s all OK. If you don’t say one word to anyone else, no one will judge you or think it’s wrong or you’re being a jerk.

If you’re a fan of SF/F/H and feel like no one at work or in your family really gets you, and you have to pretend to be someone else to get by every day, please come. Experience what I did. Make strong friendships even after a life-time of finding it hard to make new friends. We might not all love the same things, or see eye-to-eye on The Force Awakens, but we will respect who you are and what you believe, and welcome you into our community even after so many others have excluded you.

Please come:

25 Things I Wish I’d Known 25 Years Ago

25 years ago, I was a few weeks away from heading off to my first year of university. Since that time, I’ve often thought about how much I have changed and how I would have acted if I’d known then what I know now.

So in an act of self-indulgent narcissism, here are 25 things I would tell 25-years ago self:

  1. Teasing can be a sign of friendship – You were teased throughout  school. It was mean-spirited and meant to hurt you. In moving into the dorms, surrounded by young men (and women), you will be teased again. It might be away to establish a pecking order, but can also be a sign of friendship and familiarity. Do not immediately pull away from those who poke fun at you. A way to find out is to tease the person back. If they laugh, they are your friend. If they react with anger (i.e., how dare you break the pecking order and tease them), they are a bully.
  2. Don’t assume you are disliked – After 13 years of being the outcast, the victim, the weird0, you have come to assume everyone you meet will dislike you. This is, and has been, a false assumption. No one you will meet knows who you were or what you were like in high school. They will judge you for who you are now. Do not sabotage new friendships before they have begun. Show interest in them, ask questions, and decide if you like them.
  3. Stop being weird – Because you assume no one likes you, you stress your weirdness. It’s a defense mechanism to put people off. It doesn’t work. You can be a fan of Star Trek or Highlander or Stephen King, but don’t make it your identity.
  4. Not everyone is out to exploit you – You feared anyone paying attention to you. If the cool or cruel kids noticed you, it was either to tease you (“Hey Matt! You fucking freak!”) or exploit you. (E.g., “Hey Matt! What was the answer on the home work last night!”) When it came to exploitation, sometimes you almost gave in because you were grateful they did not tease you. But now, someone paying attention to you or showing affection is not a path to exploitation. Not everyone who is nice to you wants something from you. Don’t be distrustful of someone unless you have a reason.
  5. There are still bullies – Even with what is said above, bullies still exist who are out to exploit you, or delight in hurting your feelings. Your best defense is to ignore them. If they see they cannot get a rise out of you, they will move on. They will exist at college, in your job, when shopping, etc.
  6. Do not be a bully – Sometimes, the best way to get away from the bully is to join them in exploiting or demeaning those who are weaker, more shy or more eccentric than you are. Do not do this. Ever.
  7. Stand up for what is right when someone is selfish – There is a difference between a bully, who wants to hurt you, and someone who is selfish, where their focus is on themselves. Do not give in and think “Well, no sense making a fuss.” Stand up for yourself and demand to be treated fairly. Call them out on it because they are counting on you not saying anything. Tell someone to move their bag off a seat, don’t allow them to cut in line, etc.
  8. You can’t change people – Still, there is a difference between demanding you be treated fairly and expecting someone to treat everyone fairly. Some people call out people for littering or being vulgar in public—this will accomplish nothing and can invite a confrontation that is impossible to win. Such people will not change. Stand up for yourself, but that is as far as you can go.
  9. Friendships can fade and it’s not your fault – You are going to meet a lot of new people and form new friendships. Those friendships may endure, or they might last a semester. That’s life—not all friendships will be life-long. If a friendship does not last, do not assume it is because the other person does not like you. The friendship may have been based on proximity, like living a few doors down or having a class together. If you want one to endure, you must work to maintain it. And be prepared if the other person is not willing to put in the work.
  10. Show commitment to groups – You are suspicious of groups and are not a “joiner”. You fear joining a group will require you to sacrifice your identity or do something you do not want to do just to be accepted. There is truth to this. But be prepared to not be accepted or included in the group—be it a club, group of friends, or team—if you do not show a level of commitment that is needed to show you value the group and want it to succeed.
  11. Drinking – Right now, you do not drink. You will be tempted to and even pushed to by some people. But others will respect your decision. The decision, though, is yours. Be honest with yourself.
  12. Prioritize physical fitness – You do not have genetics on your side when it comes to weight and fitness. Youthfulness will fade; even with the same level of exercise and diet, you will slow down as you get older. Do not define yourself by your weight, pant size or muscle definition, for that is vanity, but invest the time to keep your body mobile. The ability to physically do things, without pain or soreness the next day, will become important as you get older. Start now, establish good habits, and laydown a base.
  13. Make decisions – There will be a lot of hard choices ahead of you in the years to come about money, school, relationships, family and your career. Make those decisions. More time has been squandered, lives lost and money wasted by not making a decision than making a bad one.
  14. Don’t be afraid to make quick decisions – You prefer to have time to consider something, and don’t be afraid to ask for it. But if you need to decide in the moment, make the decision. You have a lot of time ahead of you to mitigate or undo any bad outcomes that happen.
  15. End each day without regret and don’t beat yourself up – You will make a lot of bad decisions. You will make dumb mistakes. You will forget things, rush through things, say the wrong thing. Don’t spend hours or days telling yourself that you are dumb, worthless and incompetent. Try to learn from what happened, incorporate that lesson into your day-to-day dealings, and move on vowing to never make that mistake again. Be able to end each day looking in the mirror without regrets, knowing you made the best decisions you could and vowing to improve tomorrow.
  16. Don’t pretend to ask for someone’s opinion when you are really showing off – You are always looking for external validation since (1) you never received it from your family and (2) often your peers mocked you. You have a habit of wanting to show someone something you made under the guise of wanting their feedback or that it might interest them, but the reality is you are trying to show off. Others see this. It stinks of desperation and low self-esteem. Knock it off. If you are honestly interested in someone’s feedback, let them know why you are approaching them and ask specific questions. Otherwise, stop being so desperate for others’ approval and worry about what makes you happy and fulfilled.
  17. Don’t share all of yourself right away – You can sometimes assume friendships are closer than you think. Don’t share your thoughts and feelings right away. Do not be dishonest, but it’s okay to hold back. Not everyone will be comfortable with such a sudden rush of candor.
  18. Improve you how sleep – You have never slept well. But you have never made sleep a priority. You stay up too late, nap too long. It’s fine to have a late night, but don’t stay up late because you can. Your memory and anger issues come from being sleep-deprived for most of your life. Get better sleep and you will be able to focus better.
  19. Keep a notebook with you always – Always have a pen and paper with you to write things down. Phone numbers, assignments, product names. Do not trust your memory.
  20. Your life is a project – You are an organized person on projects, but not life. You forget events, are late with assignments, find yourself at the end of the week not having done what you wanted to do, etc. (This is because you are sleep-deprived.) Use the skills you bring to a project to run your life like one. Make lists of things you want to do. Make shorter lists of what you need to get done now. Cross things off as they are done. Keep a calendar, keep it updated, and check it often.
  21. Finish what you start and don’t be distracted – You get ideas frequently, often in the middle of accomplishing something, and tend to pursue them without completing what you set out to do. As you get older, the things you will need to do will become more complicated and more important. Do not end up like your father—asleep in front of the TV with a basement full of half-completed projects. Finish your task and cross it off the list before moving on to something else.
  22. Take advantage of culture – At university, you will be surrounded by culture—plays, music, lectures. Most of it free or at a price lower than normal. You will never again have access to these events. Take advantage of them, even if in the end you did not enjoy them at least you will know instead of being left to wonder.
  23. Buy music – You will be exposed to a lot of music. Buy what interests you, not just what you love. You are pragmatic, so hate to buy something you know you will not need, but make an exception. Music will mark events and milestones in your life, and give you common ground with people.
  24. Stay current with music – In college, you will be surrounded by music. After, it will be harder to be exposed to new music. For the most part, it will be the radio driving to and from work, which will be a limited selection. Find ways to learn about new music, listen to it, give it a chance, and buy it.
  25. Don’t worry about fashion – You don’t follow trends and wear conservative clothing. Some people will push you to keep up with trends, but you keep your clothes for a long time, often longer than trends last. This is OK. But it is also OK to buy clothing that is in-style, knowing it won’t last. Not everything you buy has to be worn for as long as it will last. However, make this an exception—don’t waste a lot of money things that will have a very short period of usefulness.





2016 Limestone Genro Expo schedule

I’ll be attending the Limestone Genre Expo next weekend and my full schedule is below. When I’m not on panel, you’ll probably find me behind the ChiZine Publications‘ dealers table. CZP is the publisher guests of honour this year and it’s my privilege to represent them.

This is Limestone’s second year and it shows no signs of stopping! It’s a great and growing convention in Kingston, Ontario so I hope you can make it out.

The two-day schedule is on their website and online registration is available until July 21, so go sign-up!


10:00 – 11:00: Where is Fantasy taking the modern reader?
I’ll be moderating a panel with Tanya Huff, Violette Malan, Sean Moreland, Kit Daven, Nancy Baker and Marie Bilodeau


11:00 – 12:00: Far Out: What’s happening in Science Fiction?
I’ll be moderating this panel with Nina Munteanu, Kate Heartfield, Charlotte Ashley, Ira Nayman, Andrew Barton and Derek Kunsken

2:00 – 3:00: What Horror trends are scaring you these days?
I’ll be on this panel with David Nickle, Karen Dales, Alyssa Cooper, James Moran and Sean Moreland with moderator Evan May

How Star Wars Episode VIII Begins…

I had a dream last night that Chris Hardwick drove me to the opening of Star Wars Episode VIII. And this is how the movie started:



REY stands with the SKYWALKER LIGHTSABRE in her hand, offering it to LUKE. She is scared, confused, elated. But the Jedi Master just stares. The tension between them contrasts with the endless beauty of Ahch-To.


Why won’t you say something?


You have something… Your nose.




(wiping at his nose to demonstrate)


Rey wipes at her nose.




No, the other side.

Rey wipes furiously at her nose with her free hand.



With the speed of the Force, he crosses the distance between them. He stands before her, the tip of this thumb protruding from between his index and middle finger.


Now, I have you nose.


That’s your mechanical hand! My nose is NOT mechanical. What are you doing?!


We never got to play these games when you were a child.

We’ll see if I’m right December 15, 2017.

The Five Stages of Luke Skywalker’s Hero’s Journey


The first of the Star Wars films, Episode IV presents storytellers with a lot of structures and models worth noting.

Star Wars, Episode IV: A New Hope may be one of the most perfect examples of the hero’s journey and three act structure. No doubt, Lucas outlined the heck out of the script to ensure it hit every beat, twist and milestone that screenwriting manuals insisted a story should have.

But something I never considered, and think might be an interesting model to follow, is the five distinct phases in Luke’s development. I will call these phases:

  • The Child
  • The Adolescent
  • The Man
  • The Warrior
  • The Hero

In each phase, Luke become more pro-active and gains more power over his fate. What’s more, in every phase there is another male character influencing Luke’s decisions. And the male character from the next phase will be introduced and clash with that phase’s influencing character. This clash forces Luke to broaden his outlook and grow as a character.

What is this important? It provides a model one can use to develop and grow a hero (of either gender) through not just one, but several contrasting mentors.

Luke the Child

Luke begins as a child. He is naïve about the world, plays with toys, whines when he doesn’t get his way, and lies to his Uncle about where he is going. At this phase, Luke’s seeking adventure is contrasted against his Uncle Owen’s pragmatism. Luke being beaten unconscious by Tusken Raiders shows that Luke is unprepared for a larger world of adventure.

Then Luke meets Obi-Wan. Obi-Wan is the gateway to his next level of development. Clearly, Obi-Wan and Owen do not see eye-to-eye, which puts Luke into conflict. While Obi-Wan’s offer to teach Luke the Force is appealing, Luke’s fear of his uncle causes Luke to decline Obi-Wan’s invitation to adventure. It is only through Owen’s death that Luke the Child is free to grow into Luke the Adolescent and follow Obi-Wan. (Had Luke arrived home and found his aunt and uncle safe, it’s likely he would safe said “So long” to Obi-Wan and never left the Jundland Wastes.)

Luke the Adolescent

Free of his Uncle, Luke seeks adventure with Obi-Wan, who assumes the role of Luke’s influencing character. Stating he’s “Ready for anything” in Mos Eisley, Luke is (again) not up for the challenge and must be saved (again) by Obi-Wan.

While Obi-Wan represents an idealistic vision of a future life, the introduction of Han presents Luke with a realistic, utilitarian and selfish existence.

However, rather than being meek, as Luke had been with his uncle, Luke meets Han’s “But who’s gonna fly it, Kid? You?” quip with anger, not deference. Luke is growing.

And, just as Obi-Wan and Owen were at odds, Han and Obi-Wan argue over the best course of action and make all the decisions at this stage of the story. This leaves Luke as a follower and unable to be pro-active until Obi-Wan goes off to shutdown the tractor beam’s power generator. Before Obi-Wan leaves, he rejects Luke’s offer to go with him and instead instructs him to watch over the droids. In a subtle way, Obi-Wan is telling Luke it is time to stop being a follower.

Seconds after Obi-Wan leaves, Han and Luke get into an argument, showing that Luke the Child, who would have backed down, is no more. Seconds after that, R2-D2 locates Princess Leia and Luke becomes pro-active. Understanding from Obi-Wan that Han is motivated by money, Luke appeals to Han’s greed to go rescue the Princess. Once again, Luke is growing.

He proves himself in getting into the detention level and freeing Princess Leia. Still, Han is the more pro-active of the characters in these scenes.

Luke the Man

While it’s a moment played for laughs, this look unscores that Han has come to respect Luke as an equal.

While Han has been the dominant character with Obi-Wan’s exit, it is Luke who finds a way out of the trash compactor. Once freed, Han treats Luke like a comrade and equal with the line: “If we can just avoid any more female advice, we ought to be able to get out of here.” When Leia lectures him, Han looks to Luke for support—acknowledging him as an equal—and Luke responds with one of the greatest eye rolls in cinematic history.

Luke’s actions have won Han’s approval, validating he is now a man. Han is now the character against which Luke is compared.

Luke continues to grow through getting the princess to the Millennium Falcon and fending off the TIE fighter attack, but in the process witnesses the death of Obi-Wan. As with Owen, the man who held Luke’s future is now gone.

Once free of the Death Star, Han continues to treat Luke like an equal, first through teasing him about Leia and then offering that he should go with Chewbecca and himself: “Why don’t you come with us? You’re pretty good in a fight. I could use you.” This is high praise from Han Solo.

A seemingly simple shot, this shows that Luke and Han are no longer seeing things the same way. Luke is eager to join the idealistic cause to attack the Death Star while Han is dismissive. Luke has grown past Han, so these two men must part ways.

But Luke is on the cusp of becoming a warrior. It is the other rebel pilots, Red Leader especially, against whom Luke is comparing himself. In the pilot briefing, the conflict between Han and the rebellion is seen in a short shot of Han waving dismissively at the plan to attack the Death Star. For Han, it’s suicide; for the rebellion, it is what they must do.

With words of validation from Biggs and Red Leader (in the extended editions), Luke has outgrown the practical and selfish Han Solo to the point where, in their words of parting, Luke is in the more powerful position. Now it is Luke forcing Han to explain himself.

We have come 180 from the first confrontation in Mos Eisley.

Luke the Warrior

With Han gone, Luke finds himself among a group of warriors, accepted as an equal. He survives wave after wave of assault. Finally, with most of Gold and Red squadrons destroyed, Red Leader picks Luke to lead the second attack run. Luke has proven himself a warrior.

The male character against which Luke will be compared in the next phase is Darth Vader, who destroys most of the remaining rebel fighters. Finally, it is not an ally but the antagonist against whom the hero must tangle.

Luke the Hero

In the trench run, Luke is alone. Most of Red Squadron is gone, Obi-Wan is dead, Han has left and even R2-D2 is disabled. The villain, Darth Vader, has isolated Luke and has the boy in his sights. So what happens?

Luke rises to become a hero in two ways.

The first is the return of Han Solo. While we credit Han for saving Luke, Han would never have returned without Luke’s admonishment. Luke could have just let Han go, but Luke’s appeal to something beyond simple greed is what forces Han to return. In this way, Luke has saved himself.

Freed of pursuers, Luke becomes a hero in a second way. He believes in the Force, opening himself up to the “larger world” Obi-Wan spoke of, and makes the shot that none of the other, more experienced pilots could make.

Luke returns to Yavin IV to find a hero’s welcome.

So what does this mean?

A hero’s journey is a very common but also very tricky story arc to get right. In Episode IV, Lucas used a series of mature, established characters to act as signposts for his hero. Except for Han’s change of heart at the end, none of these mentor characters needed to change, allowing the story to revolve on the character development of only the hero. And since they all played different roles—parent, wizard, hired man, general—their role as mentors did not feel repeated or trite as Luke encountered each one.

If you are telling a hero’s journey, it’s a powerful and useful model to follow.

Story to Appear in Bundoran Press’s Lazarus Risen

I’m pleased to tell you that I will have a story in Bundoran Press’s new anthology Lazarus Risen. Continuing Bundoran’s line of anthologies exploring how certain concepts or technologies might affect society and humanity, Lazarus Risen explores science-based immortality. From the submission guidelines:

Lazarus Risen will seek SF (no fantasy or horror, please) short stories that explore the economic, political, social and psychological consequences of life extension, human cloning, the hard upload and other forms of the biological singularity.

I won’t say too much about what my story is about, except it explores how immortality might not be the cornucopia of fulfillment one might dream it to be.

Bundoran has posted the full table of contents on Facebook.

Upcoming Appearances

Limestone Genre Expo – Guest
May 26 – 27, 2017
Holiday Inn Waterfront
Kingston, ON
Can*Con 2018 – Special Guest
Oct. 12 – 14, 2017
Sheraton Ottawa Hotel
Ottawa, ON

Where Else to Find Me

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